Overlapping and non-overlapping brain regions for theory of mind and self reflection in individual subjects

TitleOverlapping and non-overlapping brain regions for theory of mind and self reflection in individual subjects
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsSaxe, R., Moran J. M., Scholz J., & Gabrieli J.
JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Volume115
Issue3
Pagination229 - 234
Date Published12/2006
ISSN1749-5016
Abstract

When subjects are required to reason about someone’s false belief, a consistent pattern of brain regions are recruited including the medial prefrontal cortex, medial precuneus and bilateral temporo-parietal junction. Previous group analyses suggest that the two medial regions, but not the lateral regions, are also recruited when subjects engage in self-reflection. The current study directly compared the results of the ‘false belief’ and ‘self’ tasks in individual subjects. Consistent with previous reports, the medial prefrontal and medial precuneus regions recruited by the two tasks significantly overlap in individual subjects, although there was also evidence for non-overlapping voxels in medial regions. The temporo-parietal regions are only recruited for the ‘theory of mind’ task. Six possible models of the relationship between theory of mind, self-reflection and autobiographical memory, all consistent with both neurobiological and developmental evidence to date, are discussed.

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/scan/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/scan/nsl034
DOI10.1093/scan/nsl034
Short TitleSoc Cogn Affect Neurosci

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